Critical thinking – fundamental skills

According to Alec Fisher (2010), some of the fundamental critical thinking skills are:

  • Identifying the elements in a reasoned case, especially reasons and conclusions
  • Identifying and evaluating assumptions
  • Clarifying and interpreting expressions and ideas
  • Judging the acceptability (especially the credibility) of claims
  • Evaluating arguments of different kinds
  • Analysing, evaluating, and producing explanations
  • Analysing, evaluating, and making decisions
  • Drawing inferences
  • Producing arguments

Fisher goes on to point out that while this is a good place to start, there are other thinking skills a critical thinker might wish to develop.

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